Gogagah | Coffee Guide by GIDC Philippines | Coffee is considered to be one of the most popular beverages globally. Coffee comes in many forms, from the ground bean coffee to instant coffee. Throughout the years, coffee has continued to evolve into the premium hot and cold beverage we indulge in daily all-around the world. In this Coffee Guide, we are going to explore the rich history of coffee, world production of coffee, the global statistics of coffee, and where it’s heading as it moves forward.
History of Coffee
There are many stories and legends about how coffee was first discovered. Some believe it was found by ancestors of the Oromo tribe in Africa whereas others believe it was the 19th-century Ethiopian goatherd Kaldi who discovered it when his goats became excited after eating the beans.
Still, others believe it was discovered in Yemen by Sheikh Omar who was known for his unique abilities to cure the ill through prayer. After being exiled, it is said he chewed the bitter beans when he was starving and living in a cave in the desert near Ousab.
He found the beans to be too bitter and roasted them thinking it would improve the flavor. However, they became hard so he boiled them which resulted in coffee. It was heralded as a miracle drug throughout much of the region which caused Omar to be received back into the community and made a saint.
Despite the many stories from around the world, the first documented piece of credible evidence is from the 15th century in the Sufi monasteries around Mocha, Yemen which, many might argue, that the story of Omar proves to be the factual account of where coffee came from. It was in Mocha where the bean was first roasted and then boiled in a similar fashion to how it’s prepared today.
It wasn’t until 1670 that coffee hit the rest of the world after it was smuggled out of the Middle East by a man named Sufi Baba Budan who took seven seeds from Yemen to India strapped to his chest. Before, any exportation of coffee was regulated to pre-boiled or sterilized coffee. The seeds were then planted in Mysore and used to breed new plants that took them to Italy, the rest of Europe, Indonesia, and finally North America.
As the centuries passed, coffee continued to be used as a medicinal drug for stomach ailments as well as being used as an energizer. According to documentation, it was traditionally called Bunno and served in a porcelain cup each morning that was passed from one person to the next, each of whom consumed a cup.
Then, in 1600, Pope Clement VIII declared coffee a Christian beverage and its popularity increased dramatically. By 1645, coffee houses were born in Rome and within just a few years, they were one of the most popular establishments around the world.
World Coffee Production
Coffee is grown around the world but the following regions are the ten largest exporters of coffee today:
- Brazil 33.1%
- Vietnam 15.2%
- Indonesia 6.3%
- Indonesia 6.3%
- Ethiopia 5.0%
- Peru 4.1%
- India 4.1%
- Honduras 3.4%
- Mexico 3.3%
- Guatemala 2.9%
Global Coffee Statistics
According to the International Coffee Organization, world coffee production in the coffee year 2019/20 is projected 0.9% lower at 167.4 million bags with a 2.7% decline in Arabica output to 95.68 million bags, while Robusta production is expected to rise by 1.5% to 71.72 million bags.
South America’s production is expected to fall by 3.2% to 78.08 million bags, due largely to the decline in Brazil’s Arabica output in its off-year of the biennial crop cycle.
Production from Asia & Oceania is projected to grow by 1.9% to 49.58 million bags due largely to a recovery in Indonesia’s output while Viet Nam is expected to remain stable.
Central America & Mexico could see an increase of 0.9% to 21.54 million bags while Africa’s output is estimated to decline by 0.6% to 18.2 million bags.
World coffee consumption growth is likely to slow in 2019/20 in line with the slower growth expected for the global economy, and demand is projected to increase by 1.5% to 167.9 million bags.
With the pandemic taking over the world, people have been reminded of how important health truly is. We cannot take our health for granted, as we get older our bodies decay, and it continues to need more nutrients for it to function well.
In this coffee guide, we’ve discussed the history, the production, and the overall global statistics of coffee. Although coffee has its advantages and the global coffee industry continues to stay in demand, people find themselves looking not just for great quality coffee, but also healthy coffee.
Most coffee guides will state that you should buy from those well-known coffee brands, yet most healthy coffee brands oftentimes could cost more than the average consumer budget. Thankfully, there is a hidden gem: a coffee that’s cost affordable, healthy, and delicious.
Coffee At Its Finest
Introducing Glorious Blend Coffee, the Philippine-made coffee that fits all global coffee standards at cost-affordable prices. Glorious Blend Coffee can be purchased online at the official GIDC website and can be found at your local Mercury Drug Store, Generika, South Star Drug, and other leading drugstores. It can also be bought at Robinsons Supermarket, Waltermart, Ever Gotesco, Landmark, and other supermarkets nationwide. It is also available on popular online marketplaces.
Glorious Industrial and Development Corporation (GIDC)
72 Nuestra Senora st. 6th Ave.
1400 Metro Manila