In many industries hair, cloth and lungs of workers are penetrated by fine dust particles and constant exposure to such dust can cause many harms to the health of workers. Thus, Dust Collectors have a vital role to play in the industrial area. The fundamental function of these collectors is to accumulate dust and other foreign particles from the gas or air that has been discharged in the environment and make the workplace safe. They are heavy duty filtering systems that are specifically designed to manage hefty dust volumes. When compared to air purifiers, these collectors vary in a specific feature which is: the utilization of disposal filters in air purifiers.
The following components make up the entire system of a dust collector:
- A blower
- A dust filters
- A filter cleaning system
- A dust removing system
It’s a variety
The array of options for choosing a heavy-duty industrial dust collector which best suits your purpose is mentioned below:
- Inertial separators:
Inertial separators work my blending three forces viz., gravitational, centrifugal and inertial which aids in isolating the dust or foreign bodies in the ‘gas streams’. The segregated impurities are provisionally stored in a hopper with the help of the gravitational force.
Centrifugal collectors, settling chambers and Baffle chambers are the options available under this category.
- Fabric filters:
One of the most commonly used dust collectors for industrial purpose. Fabric filters are popular because of its accurate mechanism. It functions to clear up almost 99% of minute impurities from dirty gases. Another important aspect of a fabric filter is that it is cost-effective. Fabric filters are also called baghouses in the market.
Baghouses are further categorized based on their mechanism into the following:
- Pulse jet
- Reverse air
- Cartridge collectors
- Electrostatic Precipitators:
It is another important technical approach in dust collectors for segregating dust from impure gases released by the industrial processors. The system involves electrostatic forces to pull out impurities which are blended in the air or gas. A field of collecting electrodes is created with the aid of extreme voltage and direct current discharges. The impure air is allowed to flow this field to get rid of the contamination.
- Wet scrubbers:
Wet scrubbers are implemented into these collectors to get clean and purified gas or air. These scrubbers have water which when encounters the dust particles present in the gas extracts it effectively thus minimizing the dirt.
Wet scrubbers come in a variety of options which are:
- Gas-liquid contact
- Gas humidification
- Gas-liquid separation
Tips for selecting the best dust collector
- Identify the nature of dust you will be dealing with:
It is important to know the nature of the dust before deciding upon a dust collector. You must also consider the initial source of the impurities along with the volume production.
- Choose the right mechanism:
After the initial criteria are identified aptly, it is time to check the type of mechanism that will work the best for cleaning up the impurities to the optimal level.
- Consider the space:
Reflect on the space where the mechanism or the system will be run. If space will not complement the size and style of the system, the quality output cannot be obtained.
Last but not the least budget plays an integral part in the decision-making process. Whatever system is selected for the operation you must always consider the cost efficiency.
All mechanisms available under the category of dust collectors fit various purposes in the industrial arena. To walk away with the best one out of all takes a little research of the market and consideration of the points mentioned above.