Gogagah.com | Watches can be classified in many ways. It could be according to the complications such as chronographs or moon phases, watch faces being analog, digital, or hybrid, functionality such as waterproofing, the size, etc. This article will focus on one-way watches are categorized: movement.
Watch movements, or calibers, are the mechanisms that power watches and make their functions work. This part of the watch is enclosed by the case which protects it and differs from the face which is used to display time. The movement is what lets a watch accurately keep track of time and moves the hands of the watch as well as powers the complications. Without the movement, the watch would not function at all.
Though the different watch manufactures use different movements particular to the way they design their timepieces, traditional watches in general fall into two categories of movement: quartz or mechanical. At the offset, these watches can be differentiated by looking at the second hand of the watch. A quartz watch has a second hand that moves once per second while mechanical watches have a smoother motion.
Types of Watch Movements
- Mechanical Movement
Mechanical watches use a mechanism (mainspring) that measures the passage of time. This watch has a spring that is wound periodically instead of using a battery. The energy stored in the spring is regulated through a series of gears which controls the energy that powers the watch. Mechanical movements are often preferred over quartz movements in luxury watches because mechanical movements require a certain level of quality and craftsmanship. Special skeletal watch faces let wearers peek into the intricate components and engineering that are required for this kind of movement to work, and it truly is a site to behold.
There are two types of mechanical movements: manual and automatic. Manual watches are the oldest type and are also known as hand-wound movements because they must be manually wound to power the mainspring. Manual movement watches need to be wound periodically, sometimes as often as once a day.
Automatic movement watches are self-winding watches harness energy through the natural motion of the wearer’s wrist. If the watch is worn regularly, wearers would not need to worry about maintaining power without winding. Using a half-disc metal weight, called a rotor, the motion of the arm is converted into energy as the rotor spins, winding the mainspring automatically. Automatic watches unworn can keep running for 24 to 48 hours. However, if they are unworn for a longer period, they would need to be manually wound.
- Quartz Movement
Quartz watches keep track of time through its namesake, a chemical compound which pulsates with a precise frequency when an electric current is put through it. Quartz movements are very accurate and require minimal maintenance other than the occasional battery replacement. There are also fewer moving parts in a Quartz watch. The way it works is that the battery sends an electrical current through a quartz crystal which causes it to vibrate. The vibrations keep the movement oscillating and drives the motor which moves the watch hands.
Each type of watch movement has its own strengths and benefits. The quartz movement is a low frill, low maintenance movement type while the mechanical watch is a showcase of design and engineering. Either way, if you are looking for a timepiece that falls under either category, you can visit Tempus. They carry mechanical, quartz, and automatic watches from the finest Swiss-Euro Brands such as Rado, Tissot, Mido, Doxa, and Frederique Constant in an array of varieties that are sure to fit your unique personality and style.
TEMPUS MALL OF ASIA
2nd Floor, North Wing, Main Bldg, SM Mall of Asia
(02) 823 5258
917 327 6840
TEMPUS CENTRIO (CDO)
Space 1063, LEVEL 1, Centrio,
Ayala Mall, Cagayan de Oro City
(088) 880 0136
(0926) 311 4087
TEMPUS LANANG (DAVAO)
254 SM Lanang Premier,
JP Laure, Bajada, Davao City
(082) 285 8506